The Ancient and Masonic Order of the Scarlet Cord
On 4th December 2008 Most Worthy Bro. Peter Glyn Williams, Grand Supreme Ruler of the Order of the Secret Monitor in the British Isles and its Districts and Conclaves, Overseas accompanied by 13 of his Grand Officers travelled to Singapore and under the Charter of The Scarlet Cord in the East Conclave No 526 E C conferred the first three Grades of The Scarlet Cord on Secret Monitors from the Grand Conclaves of New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory; Southern Australia; New Zealand; and Northern Australia and Papua New Guinea together with those from Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore which are in the District Grand Conclave of South East Asia.
Twenty six Brethren travelled from Oceania being 11 from New South Wales, 7 from Southern Australia, 6 from Northern Australia and 2 from New Zealand. They were accompanied by 13 partners.
Since the Singapore event the following has occurred in Scarlet Cord
British Isles and its Districts and Consistories Overseas
The 21st of July 2010 marked a historic and significant date in the history of British Freemasonry. On that day the Ancient The 21st of July 2010 marked a historic and significant date in the history of British Freemasonry. On that day the first Masonic Order to be inaugurated in the British Isles in almost three quarters of a century, the Ancient and Masonic Order of the Scarlet Cord in the British Isles and its Districts and Consistories Overseas was Inaugurated at Freemasons’ Hall, Great Queen Street, London.
New Provincial and District Grand Summi have been created since then and number 28 consisting of 106 Consistories and membership continues to grow at a fast rate.
The Southern Australia jurisdiction confers Scarlet Cord Grades by invitation under the Charter of existing Conclaves in the Jurisdiction. Since the Singapore event a significant number of First Second and Third Grades have been conferred and recently the Fourth Grade was conferred on a select group of Distinguished Companions.
New South Wales
Scarlet Cord Conclave No 30 was consecrated in the New South Wales jurisdiction on Saturday 9th July 2011 and holds within it a Scarlet Cord Consistory which currently has a membership of over 120 Scarlet Cord Companions.
The New Zealand jurisdiction confers Scarlet Cord Grades by invitation under the Charter of existing Conclaves in the Jurisdiction.
On three occasions in the last 4 years New Zealand Brethren have been introduced to the first three Scarlet Cord Grades with the assistance of Scarlet Cord Companions from Southern Australia, New South Wales and Northern Australia. This is expected to continue until local numbers are sufficient.
On Sunday 8th February 2009 the decision was made that this Jurisdiction would not at that time participate in the working of the Grades of the Order of the Scarlet Cord.
At the Grand Convocation held in Cairns on 17th May 2014 the necessary Clauses to permit the conferring of the Grades of the Scarlet Cord by invitation within the existing Conclaves of the Jurisdiction were passed.
On the same day First, Second and Third Grades were conferred on 26 Northern Australia Brethren by our Scarlet Cord Companions with the assistance of Scarlet Cord Companions from Southern Australia, New South Wales, New Zealand and South Australia.
At the Grand Convocation held in Maryborough on 14th May 2016 14 new Companions received the First and Second Grades, 11 Companions attended the President Preparation Ceremony and 14 Distinguished Companions were installed as Presidents of a Consistory.
There are currently 46 Scarlet Cord Companions in our Jurisdiction located:
Far North Queensland 7
Wide Bay Area 17
South East Queensland 22
On 3rd September 2016 Stephens Consistory No. 5 met at South Brisbane Masonic Temple and four candidates receivced the First and Second Grades incresing the nimber od Scarlet Cord Companions in South Easr Queensland to 26 and the to9tal number in the Jurisdiction to 50.
It is planned to hold 7 additional Consistory meetings throughout the Jurisdiction during the 2016- 2017 Scarlet Cord Year.
In July 2016 in Geelong Distinguished Compoanions Sherrit, Saunders and Dezentje received the Fourth Grade.
Origin and History from Great Britain- May 2016
The rituals of the Order are taken from Old Testament times, commencing at the period of Joshua, the fall of Jericho and the story of Rahab. She assisted in the capture of the city by the Israelites and was saved from the fate of the other inhabitants by displaying a scarlet cord in her window. Rahab is depicted on the logo of the Order.
The current Ancient and Masonic Order of the Scarlet Cord is based
on an earlier Order, The Royal Order of Knights of the Scarlet Cord, developed in the British Isles in 1889, which was itself derived from 18th Century documents from the Amsterdam Masonic archives.
The Rituals and Ceremonies were rewritten and enriched by His Honour Judge Fredrick Adolphus Philbrick, KC, and were performed as appendant grades to the Order of the Secret Monitor. The main purpose was to raise considerable sums of money for the Secret Monitor Benevolent Fund, which still plays a significant role in Masonic welfare provision today.
The Order ceased working in 1929.
A paper on the original Order written and delivered in 2001 by Peter Glyn Williams, the then Grand Supreme Ruler of the Secret Monitor, stimulated interest in the long-forgotten rituals.
In 2006, at the prompting of Brian Wareham, Deputy Grand Supreme Ruler, a
Secret Monitor Conclave was consecrated with the sole purpose of reviving the old Order and conferring updated versions of the original six grades, some of which only remained in fragmented form.
A huge appetite for the grades among Secret Monitors lead to the Order being inaugurated as a separate Sovereign body in a magnificent ceremony in the Grand Temple at Freemasons’ Hall on 21 July 2010.
Eligibility and Ranks
Candidates for the Ancient and Masonic Order of the Scarlet Cord must be Master Masons and Princes (2nd Degree) of the Order of the Secret Monitor. The red cord is worn by all Companions below the rank of Grand Officer and the
manner in which it is worn indicates possession of any or all of the first four grades.
Grand Officers wear a Scarlet sash.
The First Grade of the Order, Ostiarius or Doorkeeper, tells the story of how Rahab hid the Jewish spies from the King of Jericho and is based on the original ritual of 1889. The jewel is a replica of an ancient golden key as a symbol of silence and introspection.
The Second Grade of the Order, Lector, relates to the story of Ruth, her eventual marriage to Boaz, the son of Salmon and Rahab and the birth of their son Obed, the Grandfather of David. The jewel is a golden scroll with a Greek inscription.
In the Third Grade of the Order, Healer & Exorcist, a Companion will be taught
how to face difficulty, danger and peril in any just cause to which they are commanded, and reflect on the resolve of the Maccabees , Jewish patriots from the second century BC, to retain their faith in the face of oppressive tyranny. The jewel is a skull and crossbones suspended from a ribbon.
When a silver anointing horn is attached, it indicates that the wearer has been
Installed as President of a Consistory. The office of President is analogous to that of Worshipful Master in the Craft degree.
The above three grades are conferred in a Consistory by the President and the Officers of the Consistory. Prior to being elected as President, a Companion must be prepared in a ceremony conferred in a Provincial Senatus by the Provincial
The Fourth Grade of the Order is conferred on installed Presidents, who have proved proficiency in their Provinces. Having been recommended by their Province , candidates are invited to attend a special conferral performed by the Grand Officers of the year, where they witness one of the most spectacular ceremonies in Freemasonry, which depicts the carrying of the Ark of the Covenant over the river Jordan to its triumphant entrance into the city of Jericho. The Fourth Grade breast jewel is a depiction of the Ark of the Covenant suspended from a tri-colour ribbon.
The Fifth and Sixth Grades are conferred on distinguished Grand Officers at the sole discretion of the Grand Summus; numbers are limited and are conferred at a specially arranged meeting.
The Fifth Grade jewel is in Silver and depicts the Ark of the Covenant surrounded by a blazing glory. This grade, Keeper of the Hidden Secret, relates the attack
on Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, which is briefly recounted by the Principal Sojourner in the Royal Arch ritual, and the subsequent steps taken by the prophet Jeremiah to conceal the Ark from the invaders.
The Sixth grade jewel is the same as for the Fifth grade but is in gold. This Grade, Prince of Jerusalem, is only conferred on the most senior members of the
Order and expands on the story of the Maccabees in their struggle to gain
independence for the Jewish nation about 150 years before the birth of
Christ. It can therefore be seen that the various grades of the Order amplify and explain significant episodes and characters mentioned only in passing in the Craft and Royal Arch rituals.
The functional working unit of the Order is the Consistory (which is similar to a lodge in the Craft). These are organised into provinces or districts which are presided over by a Provincial Grand Summus or District Grand Summus.
Membership of the Order is growing significantly and there are already 100 Consistories in existence.
Unique to the Order is The Tzaddikim, the personal ‘Body Guard’ of the Grand Summus, who discharge duties in a similar manner to the Grand Supreme Ruler’s Arch of Steel.
The ancient teachings of Judaism state that the world would need at least 36 righteous people to exist. The word ‘Tzaddikim’ means righteous persons. The qualities that make a ‘Tzaddik’ or Righteous Person are that he must be a just, faithful and upright person and he must refrain from wrongdoing and make an effort to establish what is right. The marks of a righteous man, according to Jewish thinking, are the sincerity of purpose and the strenuous endeavour to
accomplish it. The righteous man who has fallen into sin is distinguished by his repentance.
Those who are members of the Grand Summus’ Tzaddikim undertake much
responsibility but in every way fulfil the criteria laid down all those years ago.
The current Head of The Order, the Grand Summus, is Most Distinguished Companion Andrew Sweeney. His Deputy is our own Assistant Metropolitan Grand Master Ian Currans. Within London, the Provincial Grand Summus is Percy Larner.
The Grand Senatus and Annual Investiture were recently held at the end of April at Mark Masons’ Hall and it was reported that the order had now grown to 2,530 members.
The Scarlet Cord program in this Jurisdiction is:
South East Zone: First and Second Grade- Stephens Consistory – Saturday 3rd
September 2016 South Brisbane Masonic Hall at Eight Mile
Plains, Building 21, 2404 Logan Road, Eight Mile Plains Qld 4113.
10.00 am followed at a luncheon at a nearby facility.
First and Second Grade – Silver Cross Consistory- Saturday 12th
November 2016 James and Janie Sinnamon Memorial Masonic
Centre, 671 Seventeen Mile Rocks Road, SINNAMON PARK, QLD.
4073 at 10.00 am followed at a luncheon at a nearby facility.
Third Grade and President Preparation Ceremony – David
Consistory Saturday 4th March 2017 South Brisbane Masonic
Hall at Eight Mile Plains, Building 21, 2404 Logan Road, Eight Mile
Plains Qld 4113. 10.00 am followed at a luncheon at a nearby facility.
Wide Bay Zone: First and Second Grade- V W Martin Consistory Saturday 29th
October 2016 Maryborough Freemasons Centre, 538 Kent Street,
MARYBOROUGH, QLD, 4650 at 2.00 p m.
First and Second Grade – Nanango Consistory Saturday 12th
November 2016 at the Kingaroy Masonic Centre,
22 Williams Street, KINGAROY, QLD, 4610 at 2.00 pm.
Third Grade and President Preparation – V W Martin Consistory
Friday 20th January 2017 Maryborough Freemasons Centre, 538
Kent Street, MARYBOROUGH, QLD, 4650 at 7.00 pm followed by a supper as arranged locally.
Address to the Supreme Rulers’ Conclave No.123 at Mark Masons’ Hall on Friday, 8th June, 2001:
In response to the interest shown by Brethren, in their questions when visiting Conclaves in the Provinces, I am going to talk to you about an Order developed in the British Isles in 1889 which was founded upon ancient 18th Century documents from the Amsterdam Masonic archives. The rituals and ceremonies were rewritten and enriched by one of the authors of the three rituals currently used in our Secret Monitor ceremonies. I refer, of course, to His Honour Judge Frederick Adolphus Philbrick, K.C., and the Royal Order of Knights of the Scarlet Cord.
Actively involved with Philbrick in the embryo stages of this appendant rite were several other founders of our Grand Conclave, Dr Issachar Zacharie, Colonel Shadwell Clerke, Grand Secretary of the Craft, General Charles Randolph, PGW, Colonel Sir Francis Burdett, Charles Fitzgerald Matier, Grand Secretary of the Mark, Richard Ede, W G Lemon, James Lewis Thomas and William Joseph Spratling; also Japheth Tickle, the D.R. of the Order, the Earl of Warwick, the Earl of Londesborough, the Earl of Halsbury, Lord Methuen, Charles Edward Keyser, The Maharajah of Cooch Behar, H H Nawab Waheed-ud-deen Khan Bahadur, H H Nawab Najib-ud-deen, J Waldie Pearson, Chancellor of the Diocese of Pretoria; C J Higgs, Madras; Frank Chatterton, Kerala; and many other distinguished Secret Monitors from Bangalore, Calcutta, Hyderabad, Natal, Transvaal, Burma, and the British Isles.
Candidates for membership of The Royal Order of Knights of the Scarlet Cord were required to be Princes of the Order, and holders of a special Badge showing membership of the Fund of Benevolence of the Order of the Secret Monitor, a requirement I shall enlarge upon in due course. Further than this there was no bar to admission, except the usual ballot. Members were of six classes or Grades.
(1) The “Elected” (Companions) called Ostiarii, or Doorkeepers C.S.C.
(2) The “Chosen” (Readers) called Lectores or Readers R.S.C.
(3) The “Promoted” (Fellows) called Exorcists or Healers F.S.C.
(4) The “Preferred” (Court of Assistants) called Courtly Companion C.C.S.C.
(5) The “Dedicated” (Revered Companions) called High Priests H.P.S.C.
(6) The “Installed” (Knightly Companions) called Knights K.C.S.C.
The Knights of the Royal Order, the High Priests, and the Court of Assistants together formed the “Court of the Confedarati”, and when attended by the officers appointed, the assembly was denominated the “Senatus”. Presiding over all these Grades was the “Summus” in his office of Chief of the “Senatus” in the Court of the “Confedarati”. It was to this body that all regulations were submitted, (when approved by the Court of Assistants), and if there sanctioned, the “Ordinances” of the “Court of the Confedarati” became “Statutes of the Order”, and, thus, binding upon the whole body of “Prince Masons”. Each “Prince Mason” was styled a Companion, but he may become entitled to the appellation “Courtly”. “Revered” or “Knightly” according to his Office or seniority.
Members of the Court of Assistants were either “Acolytes” of High Priests, or “Aides de Camp” of Knights, and if the latter, they were appointed to a command, when qualified, and then wore the red epaulettes. Should they attain to the Presidency of the “Court of Assistants” they were entitled to wear “Golden Epaulettes”. All Members of the Court of Assistants wore a Garter of nobility and a handsome Jewel, with a Collarette of ribbon varying with their rank.
The first three Grades of the Order met in a “Consistory” and such a Consistory was warranted for any Province or District of the Order of the Secret Monitor. A Sub-Consistory was an offshoot from a full Consistory, and in a large geographical area would usually be set up in a neighbourhood distant from the main big city location for the convenience of its members, but could work only in Grades (1) and (2), and was subject to all the rules and regulations prescribed by the Consistory of which it formed a part.
Consistories and Sub-Consistories were severely restricted in the number of subscribing members, which could not, in any event, exceed Fifteen for Grade (1)-Eleven for Grade (2)-and Nine for Grade (3); but there were certain arrangements for supernumerary and Honorary members subject to the assent of the “Court of Assistants” of the Order, in every case. Members of a higher Grade were not precluded from taking part in the ceremonies of Grades below their own Grade. Grades higher than the third were not worked out of London, unless by command of the “Summus” it was desired to institute a moveable “Court of Assistants” for any special purpose.
The Senatus met annually on the day before the meeting of the Grand Conclave of the Order, and at that convocation new Knights were invested and installed. The Court of Assistants met twice a year on the day afore-mentioned, and upon a day in November whose date varied with the Benevolent Fund Festival of the Order of the Secret Monitor. At either of those meetings proposals for preferment were received and dealt with. A Sanhedrim for dedicating a High Priest was called when desired under the authority of the “Court”. All applications for the Higher Grades had to be made through the Registrar of the “Court of the Senatus”.
All members of the Court or Senatus had to appear in Court dress or in the uniform of a commissioned officer of His Majesty’s Forces. A Companion holding office as Lord Lieutenant, or Deputy Lieutenant, could appear in the uniform belonging thereto, and permission was usually granted to members who desired to wear other official uniform. Ordinary evening dress, however, was not sufficient for members of either “Court” but it was de rigeur for Junior Officers. Companions from India were invited to appear in the costume which they would wear at a function in the presence of Royalty in their own native State. Diplomatic uniforms were also permissible.
All members of the Royal Order of the Scarlet Cord were admitted to the Senatus, but they had to be in Court, or evening dress at least. At the Convocation of the “Senatus”, not only were Knights invested and installed, but it was the pleasure of the “Summus” annually to “anoint” some Companion who had attained to that rank, and it was from those so anointed that any vacancy in the office of “Episcopus” or “Diaconus” was filled.
All the other Officers were selected from the “Court of Assistants” but there were Junior Officers who were generally chosen from the Consistories. The High Officers all had to be within easy access of London, and it was the same with the other working Officers, but it was the custom to appoint as Deputy Officers five Companions who were domiciled overseas. All offices were yearly appointments, and for so long as it pleased the “Summus” to re-appoint the same Companion. It was clearly understood, however, that any Officer who was absent from two consecutive meetings, and had not attended the annual assembly for rehearsal, would not be reappointed without the special recommendation of the “Court of Assistants”. Which was very rarely exercised.
Philbrick and a group of enthusiasts, first worked the first meeting of the Royal Order of the Scarlet Cord with its spectacular ceremonial, exotic regalia and dress requirements, in 1889, with all the panache and pomp of an Indian Durbar or State occasion. It was a full dress assembly of the whole Senatus and Confedarati, and as a foretaste of what was to follow it certainly whet the appetites of the Grand Originals who were present. The working of the various Grades with its intricate structure, however, had to take place in Consistories and their development in the British Isles and in Territories Overseas took some time to come to fruition.
Let us now return to the Benevolent Fund Badge requirement. The Secret Monitor Benevolent Fund was founded in 1901, and took its fund-raising activities to such a high level of sophistication that, with virtually no donations to the fund for the past sixty years or so, its assets today still stand at approximately £300,000. Scripture informs us that in the army of King David there were three bands of Worthies over which Joab, Zadok and Banaiah presided respectively.
These three chiefs are represented in the Fund by the three wings of the original scheme, namely:
Joab, Chief of the Centre – department for Old Age
Zadok, Chief of the Right Wing – department for Sickness
Banaiah, Chief of the Left Wing – department for Education
Each Wing had its own special charity badge according to the donation made.
(1) Education Left Wing; White Badge – Design sloping to the left.
Membership – Any Brother or Lady donating one guinea became a member of this wing and was entitled to wear the badge. Its funds were expended in furthering the education of children of Secret Monitors either by grants in aid, prizes for excellent work and conduct, or by collecting votes for the Masonic Schools in order to further the election of candidates whose fathers are or were members of the Order. This wing was arranged in two columns, one dealing with boys and the other dealing with girls.
Progress in the wing – one guinea per step.
(2) Sickness Right Wing; Red Badge – Design sloping to the right.
Membership – a personal contribution of ten guineas in a lump sum. or cumulative while a member of the left wing, or a personal contribution of three guineas, and a collector’s list of twelve guineas at least, while serving a stewardship. Its funds are devoted to the assistance of Brethren and their families in Sickness or in Convalescence, including the support of special beds in Hospitals or in Convalescent Homes.
Progress in the wing – two guineas (personal) or three guineas (collected) per step.
(3) The Aged Centre Wing; Blue Badge – Design upright.
Membership – Personal contribution of twenty guineas, in one sum, or Personal contributions of five guineas, and collected list of twenty-five guineas while serving a stewardship, or, Personal contribution of five guineas after reaching the highest rank of the right wing. The funds of the Centre Division are devoted to the care of the aged – comforting them in their declining years, and especially in collecting votes for the Masonic Charities for Aged Freemasons and their wives or widows.
Progress in the Division – five guineas personal, or ten guineas collected, per step.
There were nine steps in each Division with each step entitling the donor to a specified number of votes at meetings of the Secret Monitor Benevolent Fund.
You will recall that the membership of the first three Grades of the Order of the Scarlet Cord was restricted to Fifteen, Eleven and Nine respectively: To fill a vacancy in the Fifteen and to be “Elected” a Companion of the Scarlet Cord ( C.S.C.) it was necessary:
1. – Member of the OSM Benevolent Fund
2. – Prince of the Order, wearing full Prince’s regalia and a B.F.Badge
It was also desirable (but could be waived by the Consistory concerned)
1. – To be a Past Benevolent Fund Steward
2. – Installed Supreme Ruler of a Conclave
To fill a vacancy in the Eleven and be “Chosen” a Reader of the Scarlet Cord (R.S.C.) it was necessary:
1. – You are recommended from a C.S.C.
2. – Wearing Jewel of Grade 1 and a B.F.Badge
It was also desirable (but could be waived by the Consistory concerned)
1. – You are a Past Grand Steward
2. – You are a Commissioned Supreme Ruler
3. – Also a Grand Officer in the Order of the Secret Monitor
Duties – To assist in demonstrations of the Prince’s Degree Ceremony.
To fill a vacancy in the Nine and be “Promoted” a Fellow of the Scarlet Cord (F.S.C.) it was necessary:
1. – You are recommended from a R.S.C.
2. – Wearing Jewel of Grade 2, and wearing Red or Blue B.F.Badge
3. – You are a Supreme Ruler or P.S.R. in the Order of the Secret Monitor
It was also desirable (but could be waived by the Consistory concerned)
1. – To be a Grand Officer in the Order of the Secret Monitor
2. – To be a Past Grand Steward and a Past B.F.Steward
Duties – To assist at Conclaves of Mourning when desired.
To fill a vacancy in the Seven and be “Preferred” a Courtly Companion of the Scarlet Cord (C.C.S.C.) it was necessary:
1. – To be a Past S.R. who has installed a Supreme Ruler
2. – A Past Grand Steward in full regalia, with sash and sword
3. – Wearing a F.S.C. Jewel
4. – Wearing prescribed dress and a Red or Blue B.F.Badge, and bearing garter (1)
It was also desirable:
1. – To be a Principal or Past Principal of a Consistory
2. – A Grand Officer in the O.S.M., in full regalia, with sash and sword
Duties. – To conduct Installations in the O.S.M.
To fill a vacancy in the five and to be “Dedicated” a High Priest of the Scarlet Cord (H.P.S.C.) it was necessary:
1. – To be a Principal or Past Principal of a Consistory
2. – Wearing full regalia of Court of Assistants, with garter and Blue B.F.Badge
3. – Bearing Hat with red cord, jewel, and garter with Two
It was also desirable:
1. – To be a Past President of the “Court of Assistants”.
Duties. – To conduct Consecrations.
For Arch Priest (A.P.S.C.), after presenting a Scroll of your Masonic Titles,: it was necessary: and could only be waived by a Dispensation from the “Court of Assistants”.
1. – To be a President or Past President of the “Court of Assistants”
2. – To be a High Priest, in full regalia, with Blue B.F.Badge, jewel, and garter
3. – To be wearing a white robe
4. – Bearing a “ring of power” and garter with Three
It was also desirable:
1. – To be a Past 1st Principal of a Royal Arch Chapter.
To be Knight of the Royal Order of the Scarlet Cord, (K.S.C.) after presenting a Scroll of your Masonic Titles and Coat of Arms, it was necessary:
1. – To be wearing the full regalia of the “Court of Assistants”
2. – To be wearing the Blue B.F.Badge and O.S.M. Sash
3. – Bearing garter with Three, sword, and Hat with feather
4. – Bringing an Esquire bearing banneret with Coat of Arms and Jewel of a Knight
It was also desirable:
1. – To provide a Knightly Robe and Scarlett Cord.
Meetings of the Court of Assistants, the Senatus and the Confedarati were convened on the day before the meeting of the Grand Council and Grand Conclave Festival, and when these days coincided with a Benevolent Fund Festival the whole three-day convention was designated a Grand Festival. I referred earlier to the slow development of Consistories in which, you will recall, the first three Grades were worked. During the relatively short life of the Order there was only one Consistory in the British Isles – the Metropolitan Consistory – which met at 10, Duke Street. Sub-Consistories, which could only work the first two Grades, existed in the North of England, in South Africa, in Central India, in Madras and in Burma.
The rituals were based on incidents in the Wars of the Maccabees, and the ceremonies were elaborate with high-sounding titles for the High Officers. The Metropolitan Consistory worked regularly until 1914, went into abeyance for the period 1914-1918, was revived in 1919 but ceased operations in 1929. In that year it was resolved that “All ceremonial work in connection with the Royal Order of Knights of the Scarlet Cord should cease.
Chapter 2 in the Book of Joshua relates, in detail, the events on which the Order is based and, prior to revision of the Princes Degree, most of the story was required to be read as a charge to the candidate being Admitted. It is essentially one of mutual help and the Benevolent Fund, the particular interest of Philbrick, was instituted to help those of the Order of the Secret Monitor in time of need. The Royal Order of Knights of the Scarlet Cord was unquestionably designed to increase membership and, being inextricably linked to the Benevolent Fund Badge system, the financial power of the Fund.
Peter Glyn Williams
or a pdf version of this history
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